7.Nonverbal Communication

Although What we say and what we write are important parts of communication, another important area of communication is concerned with nonverbal. we use a variety of nonverbal communication methods to convey meanings. consider the following:

Body Language

Various body Motions or gestures have meanings. Although body language is extremely important, one gesture alone does not have significant meaning of itself. All the gestures a person makes must be considered along with what is being said. The study of body language is useful because it points out that a person actually communicates through gestures as well word.

The main point in body language is; the gestures a person makes must be understood or interpreted accurately by others in order for the communication to be effective.

Voice Quality

While a loud tone of voice is usually associated with anger, a soft tone of voice is associated with calmness and poise. Talking softly with each other usually indicates that they are at ease.

The loudness or softness of the voice and the pitch of the voice are nonverbal behaviors that reveal something about an individual. A person’s voice will usually be pitched higher when he or she is tense, anxious, or nervous. And a person usually talks faster when angry or tense. In contrast, a low pitch and a slow pace usually indicate an intimate or relaxed tone. Other forms of nonverbal voice communication include the nervous giggle; a quivering, emotional voice; and a breaking, stressful voice.

Language of time

Another important nonverbal communicator is time. How can we use the time as an approach for nonverbal communication?

To explain the answer of this question, we give the following examples:

In a school situation, a late term  paper or project usually results in a penalty for the student. In a business situation, habitually late reports may cause an employee to be fired.

An applicant who fails to notify an interviewer that she or he will be late for a job interview may miss the chance of getting the job. The interviewer may conclude from the nonverbal behavior that the applicant is undependable, unconcerned about others, and uninterested in the job.

Language of space

Do you have a certain desk in a classroom which you consider yours? Do you feel pushed out of your place if someone else occupies that desk? do you consider particular areas in your home your territory? The act of laying claim to and defending a territory is termed territoriality. Proxemics is the study of the personal and cultural use of space.

American use space in particular ways in offices. People who have the same level of positions will generally be allocated the same amount of space. For example, the offices of the vice presidents will all be the same size, with the same size desk and office furnishings of similar price range. The president’s offices will generally be lager than those of the vice presidents, with the desk being larger and more expensive. Executives lower than the vice presidents will have smaller offices. And office support personnel, such as receptionists, clerical employees, and secretaries, do not usually have individual offices. These personnel will generally have the same size desk, with the total work are occupying the same square footage.

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